EMERALD MINING IN ZAMBIA
Emerald is the green variety of a group of minerals collectively known as beryl. The sheer beauty and rarity of the mineral are two attributes, which account for its immense value. Valuable emeralds have been highly sought and collected by mankind for over 3000 years. Fabulous tales of emeralds of rare and pure beauty abound in ancient mythology.
In Zambia beryl was first reported from Miku (MT 3158) in the Kafubu Emerald Area of Ndola Rural (Fig. 1) by N.F. Dicks of the Rhodesia Congo Border Company in 1928 (Hickman, 1972, 1973). The first mining licence (M.0.399) for coloured gemstones was issued to Rio Tinto Financing and Exploration Company Limited in 1963 for the Miku (Harmer, 1969). The area has now been divided into plots by the Ministry of Mines and Minerals Development Department and is open to investment (Money, 1995).